Reread the full text of the study you selected in Week One. Evaluate the study and write a critique, using the textbook and relevant journal articles to support your analysis of the study. Use the following section headings and content in your paper.
- State the purpose of the paper. Clearly identify the study being critiqued, by title and authors. Summarize the research question, hypothesis (if a quantitative study), and background information on the topic from the study?s literature review. Did the authors present a well-balanced summary of current knowledge about the topic? Is there any apparent bias in the literature review?
- Differentiate the research design (experimental or non-experimental) and approach (qualitative or quantitative), sampling method, and data collection methods. Indicate the sample size, variables and measures (if a quantitative study), statistical tests (if a quantitative study), coding and analysis procedures (if a qualitative study), and any assumptions made by the researchers. Were the procedures chosen appropriate for the study? What alternative methods would you suggest?
- Analyze ethical issues pertaining to this study. Did the researchers explicitly address ethical issues in the article? If not, was there evidence in the report that the participants? safety and confidentiality were protected? Was an approval process by an Institutional Review Board or similar ethics review committee mentioned? Were any of the practices ethically questionable (deception, coercion, etc.)?
- Present a summary of the results of the analysis performed in the study. Did the authors keep their interpretations and conclusions separate from the analysis results (evidence)?
- Analyze and critique the conclusions drawn by the researchers. Do the conclusions follow logically from the results of the analysis? Evaluate the overall efficacy of the research study by identifying the strengths and weaknesses of aspects of its design and implementation. Identify the limitations noted by the researchers and add any limitations you see that were not mentioned in the article. Describe the directions for future research proposed by the authors and evaluate their appropriateness. Recommend at least one idea for a future study that will overcome some of the limitations of this study. Keep in mind that this suggested future study will serve as the basis for your Final Paper.
Your paper should be four to six pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Utilize a minimum of five sources that were published within the last 10 years and are documented in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. These sources should include the article being critiqued, at least three peer-reviewed journal articles, and the course textbook. It is recommended that you visit the Research Methods research guide in the Ashford University Library for suggested articles, as well as searching for articles in the Library?s databases.
Running head: PSYCHOLOGY ASSIGNMENT Psychology Assignment
November 20, 2016 1 PSYCHOLOGY ASSIGNMENT 2 Psychology Assignment
The title of the selected article is ?social identity lessens depression through fostering
positive attributions.? The authors of this article are Cruwys Tegan, South I Erica, Greenaway H
Katharine, and Haslam S Alexander. The authors found out that social identities can reduce
depression partly because they weaken the depressive attribution style. The article was published
in the year 2015 in the journal of social, psychological and personality science, volume 6 issue
number 1 pages 65 to 74.
The authors are trying to answer four questions in this research. The questions are; would
social identity is associated with decreased depression? Would social identity be linked with
positive attribution styles? Would positive attribution styles be associated with reduced
depression? Moreover, will a reduction in the depressive attributions mediate the protective
effects of social identity on depression?
The selected research falls under social and personality psychology because it studies
individuals in the real world in their social environments. The study examined the behavior of
human subjects via field observations and the use of questionnaires. Besides, Cruwys et al.,
(2014) investigated the relationship between social identities and depression through a survey
followed by an experiment that manipulated the social identity salience in the real world.
The only ethical issues that were addressed in this study are, first protecting the privacy
of the research participants (Kapp, 2006) through guaranteeing confidentiality that identifying
information remains confidential. Another issue is the use of non-treatment control group in the
study. The participants in this study were assigned randomly into three groups, no group, which
served as the control, three group or one group in which the treatment was administered. Cruwys PSYCHOLOGY ASSIGNMENT 3 et al., (2014) state that the participants in the control condition did not complete the written
reflection task while the other groups of participants did complete the task.
The ethical principle that was notably applied in this study is that of anonymity (Kapp,
2006) since the information and data collected was anonymous. The questionnaires were filled
online, and the participants? information is not included in the study and no personal data
(Cruwys et al., 2014). The subjects were informed through a written form and orally regarding
the relevant features of the study (Cruwys et al., 2014). This appears to be the ethical principle of
informed consent (Kapp, 2006), protection from harm and confidentiality. Confidentiality
assured the research subjects that identifying information would never be shared or made
available to any person not directly involved in this study. In addition, this also includes the
principle of voluntary participation because the research participants were not coerced into
taking part in this research. The subjects were fully informed regarding the risks and procedures
involved in the research and they gave their consent to participate without being forced to do so.
There were no any ethical dilemmas encountered in this study.
In conclusion, Cruwys and the colleagues studied the relationship between social
identities and depression and found that people who have stronger social identities are less likely
to undergo depression. The above is true because such people have a less likelihood of
attributing negative events into internal, global or stable causes. The study was carried out
through field survey followed by field experimental manipulation of subject?s social salience.
The only ethical principles and issues addressed in this research include the participants? privacy,
confidentiality, informed consent, voluntary participation, and protection from harm. PSYCHOLOGY ASSIGNMENT 4
References Cruwys, T. et al., (2014). Social identity lessens depression through fostering positive
attributions. Social, Psychological and Personality Science, volume 6 issue number 1
pages 65 to 74.
Kapp, M. B. (2006). Ethical plus legal issues in research involving human subjects: do you want
a piece of me? J Clin Pathol, 59:335?339. doi: 10.1136/jcp.2005.030957
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