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need help to review the paper. So basically i have to review a paper of a peer. and give a commen


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need help to review the paper. So basically i have to review a paper of a peer. and give a comment on a peer review form.


Running head: Problems with Trying Children as Adults 1 Problems with Trying Children as Adults

 

From my research and thesis statement, some problems arise and need to be

 

addressed. This study addresses these issues and also goes ahead to propose solutions for the

 

problems. The previous papers highlight different research topics which are in the form of

 

questions that I discussed and answered. The topic I picked for research talks about trying

 

juveniles as adults and the research revealed many challenges and problems which are going

 

to be presented in this study. There are many issue and problems which affect the trying of

 

minors as an adult especially in cases where there is a possibility of life parole. Ideas that

 

contributed to the start of juvenile justice has over the years been attacked with those

 

attacking saying that the juveniles deserve punishments that are harsher. Over the years the

 

number of juveniles being tried as adults has increased. A study reveals that the number of

 

juveniles who are convicted of violent crimes 69% comprised of juveniles who were

 

incarcerated in adult prisons (Baron, 2010). An analysis of the actions of trying juveniles as

 

adults reveals the measures to be counterproductive and at the end of the day justice will not

 

have been served, and these actions just exacerbate the problems they try to solve.

 

One of the problems associated with trying of minors as adults is that the minors will

 

be at risk. Whenever young offenders are tried in an adult court there are high chances of

 

them being sent to an adult correction facility. This creates a lot of risks to these minors. The

 

teens interaction with hardcore criminals in the prisons can make them become even more

 

violent offenders. Living together with the adults will make the teens want to emulate them

 

since they will be looking at them as role models while in prison. These criminals especially

 

those jailed for many years have nothing to lose and any negative influence drives the teen

 

into becoming worse people. There is also a problem of the adults sexually molesting the

 

teens. This abuse affects the teens physically and even emotionally and the effect of such

 

abuse is very harmful to their health & self-esteem. Children incarcerated in adult prison are

 

five times more likely to be sexually molested than in juvenile facilities ("Children in 2 Problems with Trying Children as Adults 3 Prison", 2016). The teens also face a problem of being attacked by the adult bullies in the

 

cells. They are young and cannot be able to defend themselves against such attacks, and some

 

of these attacks can even lead to death. State and federal law say that once the teens are sent

 

to adult facilities, they must be kept out of sight of the adult prisoners, but this is not the case

 

since in these prisons there are no separate facilities for the teens. All this torture that the

 

teens face while in prison affects them psychologically in addition to socially and physically.

 

The results end up being disastrous for these children. Studies have shown that the teens held

 

in jails are more likely to commit suicide that the teens who are held in juvenile detention

 

centers. In Kentucky, half an hour after a teen who is 15 years is put into a jail cell after

 

having an altercation with the mother, the teen hangs himself ("The Risks Juveniles Face

 

When They Are Incarcerated with Adults", 2016). These problems can be solved by not

 

allowing the teen to be tried as an adult, but instead, be sent to a juvenile facility.

 

The other problem of trying juveniles as adults is the social problem. A social issue in

 

the sense that trying them as adults seems like last resort and therefore giving an impression

 

of lost hope. This action portrays a society that has failed in its role of parenting and

 

rectifying the wrong doings of their kids. Some parents do not consider dialogue as an option

 

when their children are in the wrong but instead will just want to hand them to the authority.

 

Some opponents are of the thought that these young teen offenders will end up being full

 

fledge gangs so throwing them in jail will not have helped them. The society has a great

 

responsibility in shaping up the morals and behaviors of the children, and this will make them

 

avoid criminal ways, and they will grow up with great moral and behaviors. Whenever the

 

teens have engaged in any criminal activities, the law can take its course if the dialogue can

 

applicable. The teens should be tried as juveniles and not adults, and this ensures they are not

 

tried unfairly and harshly. When tried as juveniles they may be sentenced for a shorter time

 

than when tried as adults. Children are young people with a bright future, and when they Problems with Trying Children as Adults 4 engage in criminal activities and then tried as adults, it takes the hope of them being

 

rehabilitated and becoming great people. In juvenile there are programs of rehabilitation in

 

quest of changing the teens become better people. In juvenile, there are also school programs

 

where if the teens were already in school they would be able to continue their education. The

 

decisions that the minors make are not responsible decisions and thus would be wrong to

 

incarcerate them with adults who can make decisions responsibly. Adolescent making of

 

decisions is usually characterized by emotional and immaturity, attitude, a lot of peer pressure

 

towards risk. Their inability to make responsible decisions always makes them less

 

blameworthy than the adults (Steinberg, 2012)

 

The other problem of trying children as adults is a moral problem in that it provokes

 

the young offenders into becoming dangerous criminals. They will be in jail with hardcore

 

gangs who show them ways of involving in crime and even how easy it is to pay back to

 

those who made them be in prison by either eliminating them or harming them. Jailing them

 

will make them have an adverse reaction against punishment which is strict and harsh rules.

 

They will end up becoming hardcore and more aggressive to cope with the strict rules and life

 

in prison. The juveniles will always feel neglected especially by their parents or guardians,

 

and they will always be blaming them for their woes. This thought of feeling neglected will

 

make them seek vengeance after their prison sentence is over. These teens will also have

 

much with their incarceration since some of them were in school and they no longer do. They

 

will regard themselves as failures since the time they wasted would be hard to recover with

 

their peers having continued with school, and they are now way ahead of them, and this

 

thought just will make them hopeless. After prison, it becomes very hard to rehabilitate these

 

juveniles, and this will see them become even more involved in criminal activities unlike

 

when in juvenile where rehabilitation is very easy. Crimes on juvenile records usually hold

 

less weight than those in an adult record ("Children in Prison", 2016). When a minor is put Problems with Trying Children as Adults 5 into adult prison, it will affect their criminal record, and this will affect them throughout their

 

life. The society will always be viewing them with a lot of negativity and it even makes it

 

hard to find a decent job. The child criminal record will also cause the child live with stigma

 

for the rest of their lives, and they will find it hard leading lives that are normal. For those

 

who are unlucky to go back to school, they will be frustrated so much with life, and they will

 

end up being involved in more crime.

 

Conclusion

 

This study discusses in detail major problems that are associated with trying children

 

as adults. The study reveals these actions to be futile and in vain and that the child will not

 

have reformed after the sentence, but will come out even a worse person compared to when

 

they went to prison. The objective of rehabilitating the juveniles is lost the moment they are

 

tried in an adult court, which means they will be sentenced as adults and sent to adult

 

facilities. The primary solution to these problems is amending laws to stop any trying of

 

juveniles as adults. Problems with Trying Children as Adults

 

References

 

Baron, D. (2010). The impact of prosecuting youth in the adult criminal justice

 

system. Campaignforyouthjustice.org. Retrieved 28 July 2016, from

 

http://www.campaignforyouthjustice.org/

 

Children in Prison. (2016). Equal Justice Initiative. Retrieved 28 July 2016, from

 

http://www.eji.org/childrenprison

 

The Risks Juveniles Face When They Are Incarcerated with Adults. (2016).

 

Justicepolicy.org. Retrieved 28 July 2016, from http://www.justicepolicy.org/ 6

 


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