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Running Head: Offshore Drilling 1 Offshore Drilling
30 October 2016 Offshore Drilling 2 INTRODUCTION
Oil is the cornerstone for many countries? economy; so too is it for the United States of
America. Until a few years ago, we relied heavily on importing the vast majority of our oil.
However, the ability to drill for oil along the outer continental shelf gives our nation a chance
at self-sufficiency. As will so many things in life, there are costs related to the benefits. As a
nation, we must learn to mitigate the costs while reaping the benefits. As our reliance on oil
remains, offshore drilling must be allowed to enable economic growth, independence, and
overall prosperity of our nation. It is this prosperity that will enable our country to pursue
future options that offer more sustainability and efficiency.
In 1990, President George H. W. Bush signed an executive order that banned drilling for oil
on the outer continental shelf. This ban was later lifted by President George W. Bush in
2007[Oce]. The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act specifically details offshore drilling.
This act regulates gas exploration and the development of land under the ocean?s surface
Explore details regarding the North American off-shore drilling operations.
- more than 5,000 gas and oil rigs and more than 2 billion acres of leased land[Bur16]
Describe positive impacts of off-shore drilling [NYL15] - Increases supply for North America
Self-sufficiency (gas prices are so low)
Increase in jobs
Spike in economy and Gross Domestic Product
Limits marine hydrocarbon pollution through limiting oil seepage [Bru09]
Estimated amounts of North American oil reserves equates to nearly 30 years of importing oil
from the Middle East[Bru09]. Offshore Drilling 3 Describe the negative impacts of off ? shore drilling[Sur14]
- Oil spills can be devastating to habitat for fish/wildlife/humanity[Cen11]
Oil platforms create massive amounts of air pollution adding to the problem of climate - change
Off-shore drilling is a long-term investment. Costs for start-up are extremely high and - require time for profitability
Seismic Survey damage to oceanic wildlife
Discuss regulations in place to mitigate oil spills and environmental impacts[Nat11]. - Prevention of oil spills
Containment of oil spills CONCLUSION
The ability to explore off-shore drilling has created not only a spike in the nation?s economy
but, with proper regulation can have minimal effects on our environment. Offshore drilling
has increased job growth and stabilized gas prices while encouraging our nation?s selfsufficiency without the need to import oil from other nations. The fact remains, at this time,
that oil is the most available and efficient source for energy. As other sustainable forms of
energy advance it would behove our Nation to utilize those instead. While our country relies
so much on oil, however, offshore drilling benefits far outweigh the costs when it comes to
the prosperity of the United States. Offshore Drilling 4 Works Cited
Allen, B. (2009). How Off-Shore Oil and Gas Production Benefit the Economy and the Environment.
Retrieved from Heritage.org: http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2009/11/how-offshoreoil-and-gas-production-benefits-the-economy-and-the-environment
Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement. (2016, 10 30). BSEE: About Us. Retrieved from
Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement: https://www.bsee.gov/who-we-are/aboutus
Center for Biological Diversity. (2011, 04). Lingering Threats: One Year After Gulf Oil Disaster,
Offshore Drilling Still Urgently Needs Reform. Retrieved from Center for Biological Offshore Drilling 5 Diversity:
National Committee on the BP DeepWater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling. (2011, January).
Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling. Retrieved from
NYLN.org. (2015). 7 Most Notable Pros and Cons for Off-Shore Drilling. Retrieved from
Oceana.org. (2016). Drill, Spill, Repeat. Retrieved from Oceana Protecting the Worlds Oceans:
Surf Rider Foundation. (2014). Surf Rider Foundation Sounds Off on Off-Shore Drilling. Retrieved
from SurfRider.org: https://oregon.surfrider.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/NTA_FACTSHEET_FINAL.pdf
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