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Need help finishing term paper:

I have attached my paper outline with a few sections already done. All resources/references are listed as well and must be used unless you find another legitimate reference source. I will look up each reference to make sure it is legit and not plagiarized.  Below are the assignment instructions...
Running Head: Offshore Drilling 1 Offshore Drilling

 

Amanda Yeackley

 

Ray Bartholomew

 

Environmental Economics

 

EVSP201

 

30 October 2016 Offshore Drilling 2 INTRODUCTION

 

Oil is the cornerstone for many countries? economy; so too is it for the United States of

 

America. Until a few years ago, we relied heavily on importing the vast majority of our oil.

 

However, the ability to drill for oil along the outer continental shelf gives our nation a chance

 

at self-sufficiency. As will so many things in life, there are costs related to the benefits. As a

 

nation, we must learn to mitigate the costs while reaping the benefits. As our reliance on oil

 

remains, offshore drilling must be allowed to enable economic growth, independence, and

 

overall prosperity of our nation. It is this prosperity that will enable our country to pursue

 

future options that offer more sustainability and efficiency.

 

DISCUSSION

 

In 1990, President George H. W. Bush signed an executive order that banned drilling for oil

 

on the outer continental shelf. This ban was later lifted by President George W. Bush in

 

2007[Oce]. The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act specifically details offshore drilling.

 

This act regulates gas exploration and the development of land under the ocean?s surface

 

[Bur16].

 

Explore details regarding the North American off-shore drilling operations.

 

- more than 5,000 gas and oil rigs and more than 2 billion acres of leased land[Bur16]

 

Describe positive impacts of off-shore drilling [NYL15] - Increases supply for North America

 

Self-sufficiency (gas prices are so low)

 

Increase in jobs

 

Spike in economy and Gross Domestic Product

 

Limits marine hydrocarbon pollution through limiting oil seepage [Bru09]

 

Estimated amounts of North American oil reserves equates to nearly 30 years of importing oil

 

from the Middle East[Bru09]. Offshore Drilling 3 Describe the negative impacts of off ? shore drilling[Sur14]

 

- Oil spills can be devastating to habitat for fish/wildlife/humanity[Cen11]

 

Oil platforms create massive amounts of air pollution adding to the problem of climate - change

 

Off-shore drilling is a long-term investment. Costs for start-up are extremely high and - require time for profitability

 

Seismic Survey damage to oceanic wildlife

 

Discuss regulations in place to mitigate oil spills and environmental impacts[Nat11]. - Prevention of oil spills

 

Containment of oil spills CONCLUSION

 

The ability to explore off-shore drilling has created not only a spike in the nation?s economy

 

but, with proper regulation can have minimal effects on our environment. Offshore drilling

 

has increased job growth and stabilized gas prices while encouraging our nation?s selfsufficiency without the need to import oil from other nations. The fact remains, at this time,

 

that oil is the most available and efficient source for energy. As other sustainable forms of

 

energy advance it would behove our Nation to utilize those instead. While our country relies

 

so much on oil, however, offshore drilling benefits far outweigh the costs when it comes to

 

the prosperity of the United States. Offshore Drilling 4 Works Cited

 

Allen, B. (2009). How Off-Shore Oil and Gas Production Benefit the Economy and the Environment.

 

Retrieved from Heritage.org: http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2009/11/how-offshoreoil-and-gas-production-benefits-the-economy-and-the-environment

 

Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement. (2016, 10 30). BSEE: About Us. Retrieved from

 

Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement: https://www.bsee.gov/who-we-are/aboutus

 

Center for Biological Diversity. (2011, 04). Lingering Threats: One Year After Gulf Oil Disaster,

 

Offshore Drilling Still Urgently Needs Reform. Retrieved from Center for Biological Offshore Drilling 5 Diversity:

 

http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/programs/public_lands/energy/dirty_energy_development/

 

oil_and_gas/gulf_oil_spill/lingering_threats.html

 

National Committee on the BP DeepWater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling. (2011, January).

 

Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling. Retrieved from

 

Permanent.access.gov:

 

http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/gpo2978/DEEPWATER_ReporttothePresident_FINAL.pdf

 

NYLN.org. (2015). 7 Most Notable Pros and Cons for Off-Shore Drilling. Retrieved from

 

NYLN.org: http://nyln.org/7-most-notable-pros-and-cons-of-offshore-drilling

 

Oceana.org. (2016). Drill, Spill, Repeat. Retrieved from Oceana Protecting the Worlds Oceans:

 

http://usa.oceana.org/drill-spill-repeat-watch-film-0

 

Surf Rider Foundation. (2014). Surf Rider Foundation Sounds Off on Off-Shore Drilling. Retrieved

 

from SurfRider.org: https://oregon.surfrider.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/NTA_FACTSHEET_FINAL.pdf

 


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