The concept taught in this video https://youtu.be/GWztpPQDa7M is one that many students have questions about. The website that this video tutorial reviews does a nice job in explaining strategies in how to cite a source in a paragraph.
The website on which this video is based is at the following url:
You have submitted the comparison-contrast essay (Writing Assignment #2), which used sources, and you are now working on the research-based cause-effect essay (Writing Assignment #3), which makes even greater use of sources. Please select a paragraph from either your Writing Assignment #2 or your Writing Assignment #3 that uses information from the same source in more than one sentence. Then apply what you learned from the video tutorial and website to effectively cite the source in your paragraph. Post your paragraph here.
Running Head: MILITARY STRENGTH Military strength
September 4, 2016 China vs. U.S. as a military power in Asia 2 MILITARY STRENGTH
In the current days the US and the Chinese people such as the European great powers, though
they trade with each other they do not have trust in each other. Regardless of these two countries
having large economies which have been able to shape the global economy they have different
and opposing views on the security of many nations and foreign policies issues. It has been seen
openly the way Beijing and Washington disagree on how to handle rogue states such as Syria,
Iran and North Korea. The Chinese does not appear to worry about the spreading nuclear
weapons and it is also an ally to Pakistan which is a nuclear weapons technology in the
world[Hug14]. Additionally, the Chinese government would rather associate itself with
dictatorship nations than trusting US and other free states or the free market. Although the US
military is a superior force to China?s numerically large forces, the Chinese military keeps on
analyzing the American military in order to identify their weaknesses[Hug14]. Furthermore, the
Chinese hackers have regularly broke into the US military computers and at the same time China
has built an anti-satellite system and anti-ship ballistic missile to counter the strengths of the US
in the space as well as a on the high seas[Rob05]. The Chinese and the Americans should
therefore work in collaboration to ensure a safer world as they have almost equal strengths in
their military power thus upholding the value of human life.
Actually no matter how often China has been emphasizing on the idea of a peaceful rise,
its pace and the nature of its military modernization without doubt causing alarm. Regardless of
America and other muscular European powers are striving to reduce their defense expenditure,
China is looking at ensuring that it maintains its past decade?s increases annually of 12%
[Gre16]. Moreover, no matter the fact that the Chinese budget being less by a quarter that of US
currently the most important feature is that the Chinese generals are more ambitious as compared 3 MILITARY STRENGTH
to those of US. Therefore, China is on its course to becoming the world?s largest military spender
in the next 20 years to come[Gre16].
According to TAIPEI which the latest report that challenges the US military that make
US to reconsideration a war with China. Basically the report examination both the US and the
Chinese military capabilities by looking at various operational areas and then gives out the
?scorecard? for the operational areas at a stage of three years these are 1996, 2003 and 2010
[Wil07]. In this regard every scorecard evaluates the possibilities in the contextual geographical
area and distance. The report is all about muscle and machine and not political and policy
matters whatsoever. Here the objective is all about ?seeing hoe rubber meets with the road?
analysis which looks at the capability of China clobbering the Us air bases in the region, turning
of the American communication and spy satellites in the space junk, and the sinking of the US
airlines with a new anti-ship ballistic missiles. The scorecard format analysis gives a sport like
feel of how bad things may go for the US military in a conflict with China[Wil07].
The role of the study is to see to it that these two nations come to an arbitration point and
be able to stay in peace with each other and not in the existing fear. It is important that these
nations work together to ensure that they protect the lives of entire world population by
condemning evil activities such the use of nuclear weapons by some nations[Guo05].
In this context the scorecard addresses relatively each issue between the US and the
Chinese capabilities in a specific operational area:
Scorecard 1: the capability of the Chinese to attack the Air Bases
As a result of the 1996-97 Taiwan Strait Missile Crisis it is assumed that China would be
able to cripple Taiwan?s air bases; therefore with the multi-layered saturated attacks using short- 4 MILITARY STRENGTH
range air-to-air missiles. Although, in the modern world this now involves Kaneda Air Bases on
Penetration of the US into the Chinese Airspace
The Chinese defense advances have made it quite difficult to operate in or near the
Chinese airspace. For example, in 1996 China?s surface-to ? systems that were majorly used
were those of the older Russian systems. In the year 2010, China had deployed roughly over 200
launches for ?double digits surface to air (SAM)? this had very complicated seekers that ranged
up to 200km. basically the analysis reveals that that there was a net gain for China form the year
1996 to 2015 which is accompanied with integrated air defense systems. Unfortunately, in a
Spratly island scenario that is far from the mainland of China, the US ability to penetrate targets
is much more robust when it comes the usage of stealth aircraft with very small knowledge.
US possibility of attacking the Chinese Air Bases.
Regardless of penetrating Chinese airspace being more dangerous, the American
development of the America-made precisions, this provides the US American-made decisions
options and the greater punch in the scenario of Taiwan.
Scorecard 3: Us and Chinese Cyber warfare capabilities
Form the early 1990s China?s cyber units have been in operation and are close related to
Chinese military. On the other hand, US has been victim that has suffered from serious attacks.
According to the report it reveals that the US ?may not be able to fare on poorly in cyber domain
abasing the assumption? in the time of war. With the US Cyber command working very closely
with the National Security Agency is likely to draw heavy and sophisticated toolkit. Despite the
US upper hand during the wartime it is true that both will ?nevertheless face significant 5 MILITARY STRENGTH
surprises? and that the US logistical efforts may be particularly vulnerable as thy only rely upon
unclassified networks on the internet.
Scorecard 4: China and US strategic Nuclear Stability
The scorecard analyses the survival ways through which their second nuclear strike
capabilities in the face of the first strike. The Chinese state has been able to improve its nuclear
forces steadily towards the end of the 20th century with the introduction of new ballistic
Scorecard 5: Us penetration of the Chinese airspace
With the continuous advances that have been developed it has made it quite challenging
for any operation to take place near the Chinese airspace. An analysis carried out by the report
shows that there has been a net gain for China from its improvement in its integrated air defense
systems having the fought generation fighters, and the airborne early warning planes.
Conversely, in the Spratly Island scene which is far from the mainland China, the US is more
robust in targeting the ability penetration because of its use of stealth aircraft and a smaller target
Scorecard 6: Chinese Counterpace Capability Vs US space Systems
China has been able to test three kinetic anti-satellite missile from 2007 at low earth
orbits, additionally the Chinese also operates laser-ranging stations which may be able to dazzle
the US satellites in order to enable tracking any form of attack. Actually the report has found that
threats to US communication satellites in the form of jamming and imaging systems that are
within the low earth orbits are severe. There are therefore arguments that send a lot of 6 MILITARY STRENGTH
?worrisome? whereby the China?s Russian-made jamming systems and the high-powered dual use
radio transmitters are likely to be used against the US ISR and communication satellites.
It is true that the reason as to why china is not at good terms with US is because of the
loss in confidence in the dollar which has been the dominant currency in the international trade.
This was noticed by foreign countries and the most vocal were Russia and China; this led to
China in 2010 in the China Daily reporting that ?China and Russia??. Intent to renounce the
US dollar and resort to using their own currencies for their bilateral trade.? This led to the
formation of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, China, and South Africa) forming up their own
development bank and a currency service pool in their first and concrete step towards reshaping
the Western-dominated international financial system this in accordance to the Reuters
Basically it is true that when the US and the Chines forces constantly remain on the
current trails, Asia is likely to witness a progressively retreating frontier of the dominance of US.
The Chinese forces will possibly be able to establish a temporary local air and a naval superiority
with the onset of a conflict however, this is likely to enable China not to achieve its limited
objectives without defeating the US forces.
Having looked at the various operation areas of the scorecards it will be wiser if the US
will have to work towards shaping the Chinese leader?s misperceptions which they believe that
the US military strength is weakening the region by emphasizing that there are severe risks of
involving the US military forces. Accordingly, the US military should work towards ensuring 7 MILITARY STRENGTH
that is cuts the rapid cuts in the legacy to fighter forces by lowering the emphasis on the big
airline carriers. Additionally, there should be an expansion in the expansion in the politicalmilitary relations with the regional nations[Guo05]. Moreover, when it comes to the procurement
priorities should be emphasized on the base redundancy and survivability, crafty survivable
fighters and bombers, improving the submarines and the anti-submarine warfare capabilities and
the counterpace program. 8 MILITARY STRENGTH References
Keller, W. W., & Rawski, . G. (2007). China?s Rise and the Balance of Influence in Asia. London:
University of Pittsburgh Press.
Kennedy, G., & Pant, . V. (2016). Assessing Maritime Power in the Asia-Pacific: The Impact of
American ... California: Routledge.
Liebert, H., Griswold, ., & III, . W. (2014). Thinking beyond Boundaries: Transnational
Challenges to U.S. Foreign Policy. Ontario: JHU Press.
Liu, G. (2005). Chinese Foreign Policy in Transition. Los Angeles : Transaction Publishers.
Sutter, R. G. (2005). China's Rise in Asia: Promises and Perils. New York: Rowman &
Littlefield Publishers. .
Tan, S. S. (2015). Multilateral Asian Security Architecture: Non-ASEAN Stakeholders.
California: Routledge. 9 MILITARY STRENGTH
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