Write an essay on the topic, ?Building and implementing a successful cybersecurity policy?. The following questions should be covered in the essay:
- What would be a successful cybersecurity policy?
- What are the ingredients of a typical cybersecurity policy?
- How should the various elements of a cybersecurity policy be articulated?
- What considerations should there be in order to successfully implement the policy?
- How can you assure the ongoing success of the policy?
- Your paper should be 3-4 pages in length, not including the title or reference pages.
- Your paper must follow academic writing standards and APA style guidelines, as appropriate. (Please refer to the APA Sample attachment and compare your paper to it)
- You are strongly encouraged to submit all assignments to the Turnitin Originality Check prior to submitting them to your instructor for grading. (SIMILARITY MUST NOT EXCEED 20%)
Include a 5-sentences conclusion at the end of your paper (Your conclusion should synthesize rather than repeat the main ideas verbatim. Usually, the first sentence of the conclusion is a rephrasing of the thesis. The conclusion reminds the reader what your paper is about and allows you to make a final point without introducing new information.)
Running head: IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES IN STRATEGIC
The Running head is required for
CSU-Global APA Requirements. The
title page should have the words,
Running head: followed by the first
50 characters of the title in call caps.
Use the template paper located in
the Library under the ?APA Guide &
Resources? link for a paper that is
already formatted in APA.
formatted is 1 Page numbers should
be inserted in the top
right corner. SAMPLE PAPER Identifying the Best Practices in Strategic Management
ORG 500 ? Foundations of Effective Management
Colorado State University ? Global Campus
Dr. Stephanie Allong
Information on the Title
Page is centered in the top
half of the paper. All
major words should be
capitalized and not bold. August 6, 2010 Papers should be
typed in a 12 pt, Times
New Roman font with
1 inch margins on all 4
sides and the entire
paper is double
spaced. All subsequent pages should only have
the first 50 characters of the paper?s
title in all caps for the running head. IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES IN STRATEGIC Identifying the Best Practices in Strategic Management
Strategic management and corporate sustainability are two important dynamics of
Repeat the title of your paper at the modern-day organizations. It is important for organizational
a header; therefore
is not to be bold, but all major words are
of strategic management as a means
of addressing corporate
capitalized. Do not add a header at the
inch or 5 spaces from
beginning of your paper as the first
sustainability. The purpose of this paper is to provide definitions and an understanding of
the left margin.
paragraph should clearly identify the
paper. Company, the
strategic management and corporate sustainability. An overview
Walgreen organization of study, is also provided in order to understand how the company has utilized
to implement sustainability initiatives for long-term financial performance.
A level 1 header
be bold, centered
and all major words capitalized. See
/560/16/ on how to format headings in APA.
The function of management is to plan, organize, lead, and control the operations of an organization (Robbins & Coulter, 2007) and includes strategic management. Strategic
management is an approach in which organizations create a competitive advantage, enhance
productivity, and establish long-term financial performance. Chandler (as cited in Whittington,
2008) defines strategy as ?the determination of the basic long-term goals and objectives of an
If you using a source (Whittington) that is citing enterprise, and the adoption of courses of action and the allocation
forthe author?s last
name found in your source (Chandler) at the
beginning of your sentence followed by the
citation - (as
Source, year). Only
management as the managerial decisions and actions of an organization
the source you are reading (Whittington) will be
listed in your references. See
performance of the business, with benefits such as:
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/5 Clearer sense of vision for the organization
60/09/ for more information. carrying out these goals? (p. 268). Similarly, Wheelen and Hunger (2008) define strategic Sharper focus on what is strategically important Improved understanding of a changing environment. The Strategic Management Model (SMM) provides the framework for integrating strategic
planning into an organization
benefits are realized.
time in document with
acronym in parentheses.
From that point forward,
the acronym can be used. This is an example
of how to cite authors using a narrative citation.
IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES
3 The Strategic Management Model year must follow the author?s last name in parentheses. The authors are
being used as a part of a sentence, therefore the word ?and? is used and
not the symbol ?&.? Research indicates as the concept of strategic management evolved, many theoretical When citing 3-5 authors, list all the
A level 2 header
authors the first time and
use et al.
were proposed. Ginter, Ruck, and Duncan (1985) indentify eight elements of the3-5 authors,
for the following in-text citations. If you
left-justified and all
have 6 orenvironmental
al. for all
words strategic model: vision and mission; objective setting; external
first time and
scanning; internal environmental scanning; strategic alternatives; strategy selection;
then use et
implementation; and control. Long (as cited in Ginter et al., 1985) stated that normativeal.
following inmanagement models are an ?explicit, planned and rational approach? (p. 581) to management.
text citations. Similar to Ginter et al., Wheelen and Hunger (2008) established the SMM (see Figure 1) which
includes four main elements: environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy
When quoting, you must
implementation, and evaluation and control. Environmental scanning is the monitoring,
include the page number or
the paragraph number of
evaluating, and extracting of information from the external and internal environments in order
where you found the quote
to establish plans and make decisions. Strategy formulation includes creating
page number immediately
for the organization, including the mission, objectives, strategies and policies.
even it if it is in the middle of
Strategy implementation is the process of executing policies and strategies in order to achieve the
a sentence. mission and objectives. Evaluation and control require monitoring the performance of the
organization and adjusting the process as necessary in order to achieve desired results (Wheelen
& Hunger, 2008).
The SMM assumes the organizational learning theory, which states that an organization
adapts to the changing environment and uses gathered knowledge to improve the fit between
itself and the environment. The SMM also assumes the organization be a learning organization
in which the gathered knowledge can be used to change behavior and reflect new knowledge
(Wheelen & Hunger, 2008). IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES IN STRATEGIC Environmental
Task Environmental Strategy
Formulation 4 Strategy Implementation Evaluation
Figure 1. The strategic management model was adapted from Strategic management and
business policy (11th ed.) by T. L. Wheelen, & J. D. Hunger, 2008, Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson Prentice Hall. When using a Figure in your paper,
make sure there is no title above
the figure. Underneath the figure
Corporate sustainability. In addition to enhancing financial performance
you must have
the word, ?Figure?
italicized and the figure number in
strategic management, organizational leaders have the responsibility of increasing shareholder
your paper followed by a period.
A level 3 header is
2008). Corporate sustainability
bold, first value
word through corporate sustainability (Epstein,
information was adapted or general
variety of ways. Hollingworth (2009) described a sustainable organization
as ?one that
Follow the example above. Notice
for and achieves 360-organizational sustainability? (p. 1). The author claimed
follow the reference
sustainable when it can endure, or maintain, over a long-term without permanently damaging or
When you are using the same source for a
depleting resources including: theparagraph,
(internal and external);
a 1- narrative
then claimed that if one
of the four resources
issues with the remaining resources will eventually
3 is not sustainable,
this could lead
with sustainability as
develop (Hollingworth, 2009). Brundtland
a parenthetical citation. the economic development that addresses the needs of the present generation without depleting IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES IN STRATEGIC 5 resources needed by future generations Epstein (2008) adds to the definition from a business
perspective by including corporate social responsibility. Epstein also states that organizations
have a responsibility to stakeholders to improve management practices in order to add value by
addressing corporate social, environmental and economic impacts (Epstein, 2008).
Organizational leaders are the strategic decision makers of a company and have a
responsibility to stakeholders (Wheelen & Hunger 2008). Therefore, it is important to have an
understanding of why corporate sustainability is important, and how the nine principles of
sustainability performance guide strategic management.
Importance of Corporate Sustainability This is another example of narrative
citation. The year must follow the author?s
In addition to making a profit, organization?s have a responsibility to society, which
last name. If there was a quotation, the
page or paragraph
includes addressing its economic, social, and environmental
immediately after the quote in
responsibility. Friedman and Carroll had two opposing
3). See page 3 for an example. Friedman argued that the sole responsibility of business was to use resources and activities that
enhanced profits (Wheelen & Hunger, 2008). Carroll (1979) argued that social responsibility
included much more that making a profit; he proposed businesses must include the economic, This is an example of a parenthetical citation. It
the year. of business performance.
If there was a quotation, a page or paragraph
number would alsoEconomic
Notice that theinclude producing goods and services to meet the
period is at the end of the parentheses. needs/wants of society in order to make a profit; Legal responsibilities are the laws and regulations the company is expected to
abide by; Ethical responsibilities are included in the previous two statements, but also
include the norms and beliefs held by society; IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES IN STRATEGIC 6 Discretionary responsibilities are other responsibilities taken on by the
organization including voluntary activities and philanthropic contributions
(Carroll, 1979). The importance of corporate sustainability, therefore, is that an organization is responsible for
financial performance, but it also has additional responsibilities to stakeholders and society in
The Nine Principles of Sustainability Performance
The nine principles, as presented by Epstein and Roy (2003) (see Table 1), further define
sustainability, are measureable, and can easily be incorporated into strategic management
(Epstein, 2008). These principles include ethics, governance, transparency, business
relationships, financial return, community involvement, value of products and services,
employment practices and protection of the environment. A table or figure should fit all on one page
even if there is a gap left in your paper. It
is easier for the reader to view the table or
figure when presented as a whole instead
of split on two pages. IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES IN STRATEGIC 7 Table 1
The Nine Principles of Sustainability Performance
1. Ethics The company establishes, promotes, monitors and maintains
ethical standards and practices in dealing with all of the company
The company manages all of its resources conscientiously and
effectively, recognizing the fiduciary duty of corporate boards
and managers to focus on the interests of all company
The company provides timely disclosure of information about its
products, services and activities, thus permitting stakeholders to
make informed decisions.
The company engages in fair-trading practices with suppliers,
When using a Table in your paper, make
distributors and partners.
5. Financial return
The company compensates
return on investment and
number in your paper. Then insert the
The company fosters title
of the Table
with all major
involvement/econom the corporation and community
it is sensitive
culture, context and needs
you must have the word, ?Note? italicized
7. Value of products
The company respects the needs, desires and rights of its
followed by a period. Then mention
customers and strives to provide the highest levels of product and
where the information was adapted or
The company engagesgeneral
that promote personalFollow
not follow the reference citation format.
diversity and empowerment.
9. Protection of the
The company strives to protect and restore the environment and
promote sustainable development with products, processes,
services and other activities.
Note. There should be a general note about the table here. Adapted from ?Improving
sustainability performance: Specifying, implementing and measuring key principles? by M.
Epstein, & M. Roy, 2003, Journal of General Management, 29(1), pp.15-31.
Walgreens Company Walgreens Company is a retail drugstore that is in the primary business of prescription
and non-prescription drugs, and general merchandise including beauty care, personal care,
household items, photofinishing, greeting cards, and seasonal items (Reuters, 2010). More
recently, the organization diversified its offerings through worksite healthcare facilities, home
care facilities, specialty pharmacies, and mail service pharmacies (Walgreens Company, 2010). IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES IN STRATEGIC 8 Walgreen Company established a strong organizational culture focusing on consumer and
employee satisfaction. The mission of Walgreens is:
We will provide the most convenient access to consumer goods and services . . .
and pharmacy, health and wellness services . . . in America. We will earn the
trust of our customers and build shareholder value. We will treat each other with
respect and dignity and do the same for all we serve. We will offer employees of
all backgrounds a place to build a career. (Walgreens, 2010a, para. 1)
Walgreens was established in 1901 by pharmacist Charles R. Walgreen Sr. (Walgreens, If you are using information from multiple web
2010b). Prior to establishing the company, Mr. Walgreen struggled
If a quotation is longer than 40 words, it
distinguish which citation came from which
be in a block
block the lack of quality customer web
people each page, by
format is indented ½ inch (or 5 spaces
putting the letters, ?a,? ?b?, etc. with the year.
the left) from
Do not is the largest drugstore chain
use quotation marks for this quote.
2010a). (Walgreens, 2010b). over 238,000 people. Sales in 2009 exceeded $63 billion, in which 65% of sales were from prescriptions drugs. The organization has expanded into all 50 states, as well as the District of
Colombia and Puerto Rico, for a total of 7,496 stores and 350 Take Care clinics (Walgreens
The conclusion is a
level 1 header. Company, 2010, para. 3).
Conclusion Strategic management and corporate sustainability are two important practices in today?s
competitive global environment. In order to effectively implement strategic management in light
of corporate sustainability, leaders must have an understanding of such concepts. This paper has
provided a background and understanding of strategic management and corporate sustainability.
An overview and history of Walgreen Company was also presented in order to identify best
practices in strategic management that enhance corporate sustainability. List sources in
The word, References
IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES IN STRATEGIC
should be capitalized,
centered, but not bold. 9 References
Carroll, A. B. (1979). A three-dimensional conceptual model of corporate performance. The
over to the
Collins, J. (2001). Good to great. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers Inc.
Epstein, M. J. (2008). Making sustainability work. San Francisco, CA: Greenleaf
This is a
Epstein, M., & Roy, M. (2003). Improving sustainability performance: Specifying, implementing
indent.? Academy of Management Review, 4(4), 497. and measuring key principles. Journal of General Management, 29(1), 15-31. French, S. (2009). Critiquing the language of strategic management. The Journal of Management
Development, 28(1), 6-17. doi: 10.1108/02621710910923836 Include a doi number if available. Ginter, P., Ruck, A., & Duncan, W. (1985). Planners? perceptions of the strategic management
process. Journal of Management Studies, 22(6), 581-596.
Hollingworth, M. (2009, November/December). Building 360 organizational sustainability. Ivey
Business Journal, 73(6), 2.
Walgreens. (2010a). Mission statement. Retrieved from
Walgreens. (2010b). Our past. Retrieved from
http://www.walgreens.com/marketing/about/history/default.html Make sure that the links
are not live (you should
not be able to click on
them to go to the
website). If they are live,
in Word, right click and
then click on ?Remove
Hyperlink.? If you
(2010). Walgreen Co. Retrieved from
from one website, you
Robbins, S. P., & Coulter, M. (2007). Management (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson
need to be able to
After a URL or doi,
not insert a period.
For editions of
information came from
books, do not
each web page. To do
this, you need to add
the letters, ?a,? ?b,? etc.
to the year of each
citation. Example of a website citation. If
you are citing a report or any
type of pdf, italicize the title. If
you are getting information from
the actual website, then you
would not italicize the title. IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES IN STRATEGIC
Walgreens Company. (2010). 2009 Annual report. Retrieved from
http://investor.walgreens.com/annual.cfm Wheelen, T. L., & Hunger, J. D. (2008). Strategic management and business policy (11th ed.).
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Example of a book citation.
S Whittington, R. (2008). Alfred Chandler, founder of strategy: Lost tradition and renewed
inspiration. Business History Review, 82(2), 267-277. Example of a journal article citation. For more information on CSU-Global APA
requirements for formatting in APA, and examples
of in-text and reference citations, see the CSUGlobal Guide to Writing and APA Requirements
located in the Library under the ?APA Guide &
You can find other links on this page such as a
template paper that is already formatted in APA
for you, and some good websites that provide
even more examples of citations.
For individual sessions or questions on how to cite
in APA, please do not hesitate to contact the
Librarian at Library@csuglobal.edu
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