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I am going to attach a paper that I already worked on, I just need you to develop the policy. Ple

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I am going to attach a paper that I already worked on, I just need you to develop the policy. Please feed off my paper and go from there. You can add scholarly articles to back up what you are saying and attempting to do. Below is teacher guidelines. 

Policy Paper Instructions and Grading Rubric

Purpose of the Policy Paper: to combine ideas from applied social psychology to create a public or organizational policy.

Method for creating Policy Paper: Write a formal APA paper on your own applying several of the theories and concepts discussed from the semester to a situation in the real world. While this paper is applied to real life, treat it as if you were writing up a government or organizational document for your boss or congressperson. You will need to follow APA guidelines for paper writing. A sample APA template is available for your use so that you know what a formal paper should look like. The most important part of writing a formal paper is that you ideas are based in the theory and research. It is important to quote, cite, and reference those sources. This demonstrates several aspects of knowledge: 

  1. It shows that you understand the material and have an ability to synthesize and apply that knowledge.
  2. It demonstrates that your arguments are more than mere opinion. Your personal opinion is fine, but it is only as good as the next one, which means that it is easily refuted and therefore your paper does not stand up to criticism. 
  3. It allows your reader to track down more information on the topic if they so choose, something that is of the utmost importance in today's information age. 
  4. It gives credit where credit is due. 

Here is a resource to help you do so appropriately:

There is no right or wrong answer for this paper, but you must make your argument based on the standards set above and in a clear and concise manner. This means with a clear thesis statement, detailed explanations, apparent connection between theory and behaviors, and strong organization.

You must use at least two of the major concepts discussed during the semester as the background logic for a single policy. You may use more theories if you wish, but do not spread yourself too thin. It is much more important to get in-depth with the theories rather than throw in a lot of buzz words.

The point of the paper is to demonstrate your expertise with the applied social psychology theories and concepts as well as your ability to critically think about social-psychological applications. As such, your focus of this paper should be the theories and how they help people think about the policy that you have chosen, not the examples that sparked the policy. Do not spend significant portions of your paper describing the examples or the policy itself. The policy you are creating is an example to help highlight your knowledge and thinking with regards to applied social psychology. As such, focus on explaining and applying the theoretical concepts that lead up to the policy. 

Policy Paper Topic

up to 5 points 

Topic must include a real life issue that applied social psychology can address. You must also suggest the two major course concepts that you are going to use to create the policy. You may change these at a later date with approval from your instructor if the ideas don't fit together as well as you originally thought.

Total: up to 5 points 



Policy Paper Outline

up to 10 points 

Include a brief version of your thesis. List the details you will elaborate on in your paper. In these details you will want to include ideas such as concept definitions, links to the other concepts, application to the issue you are addressing with your policy, and a brief version of your policy.

References: up to 5 points 

List at least 3 of the references you will be using for your paper. These must be in APA format. 

Total: up to 15 points 



Policy Paper

Content: up to 40 points 

Define key terms and their associated pieces so that the reader can see that you understand the theories and concepts. Make sure that you have used at least 2 major concepts. Synthesize the theories; how do they fit together in each situation that you have described? In other words how do they complement one another? How do they describe different aspects of the situation they address? Apply the theories; how do they explain the situation? What about the situation do they explain? Is there anything that the theories are missing in the situation? Create the policy based on the logic that arrives from the definitions and synthesis of the ideas.

Structure and organization:  
up to 6 points 

Follows basic rules of a 5 paragraph essay (although there may be more paragraphs) - clear thesis in the introduction, recap of main points and thesis in conclusion, along with strong grammar throughout. 

Citations and references: 
up to 5 points 

When you use someone's words exactly, quote and cite. When you use someone's ideas, cite. In both cases provide references. 

up to 4 points 

Follow APA format (see APA template for example and/or refer to the APA Publication Manual), including title, abstract, and references pages (these do not apply towards your page count). Write in the third person to maintain an objective scientist tone.

up to 55 points 



The Pennsylvania State University






As a growing number of Americans get concerned about their health insurance, it is


recommended that a great number of the Americans get insured as a way of improving the


healthcare sector. There are calls that the United States comes up with innovative and creative


measures to ensure that a majority of its people are insured. The high costs of expanding


coverage has been the subject and root of many questions on how to best improve access while at


the same time maintaining quality of care and preserving individual choice. There have been


different opinions from different circles of the policy makers with some calling for complete


overhaul of the sector to enhance insurance while others have different opinions. These are


policy makers, insurers, employers, hospital administrators, health policy researchers, and public


health advocates who provide a clear picture of the current as well as the desired state of


American healthcare. Below is a discussion of a possible policy intervention to help increase the


rates of insured Americans without losing quality healthcare and draining their wallets. HEALTHCARE IN AMERICA3




This report focuses on the insurance of an individual. It touches on the factors that affect


the healthcare and how a lack of insurance brings about implications not only to the individual


but also to the society as a whole [Mic113]. Over the past quarter century, the number of


uninsured Americans has increased steadily. In the year 2005, the number of uninsured


Americans was close to 47million and this represents close to one-sixth of the nation?s


population (Long, 2011).


The public health sector needs to be modified so that it serves the public well and in a


safer way. This, however, is not possible without timely evaluations. The health evaluation


should be consistent and in line with the specific needs of the people. Evaluations will help in


addressing those key issues of concern. After this is done the recommendation arising from the


evaluation should be implemented and this will ensure an improved health sector.


Success in extending coverage is dependent on making health plans affordable to all


people so that even the poor, the vulnerable and the disadvantaged in the society can have access


to it [Ber12]. Trends in the US economy continue to reveal much about the employer and the


employee. What this means is that a majority of the workers obtain insurance through their


employers. What this has resulted to is an increase in the number of uninsured Americans.


Although efforts were made in 2007 by President George Bush to have as many as possible of


Americans insured, the results have not been appealing as the number of uninsured individuals


keeps on rising. In spite of the gradual progress towards expanding coverage to all there are


several difficulties in implementing the reform. Some of these challenges are getting additional


funding, ensuring participation and creating desirable plans. HEALTHCARE IN AMERICA4


As more and more Americans do not seem to care about getting insurance covers either


for them or for their families, there is need for application of carious theories to encourage


people [Ric14]. Some of these theories are persuasion and health coverage and the Theory of


Planned Behavior to encourage people to utilize their accessible healthcare. To some extent the


government has used these theories to a great detail. This paper will focus on these two theories


and their impact on the insurance policy in America.


This paper will focus on three references as discussed below.


Cain, J. (2012). A Profile of uninsured Americans. New York: National government publication.


The greatest social and economic problem facing the public in the America is getting


insured. As an effort to mobilize more and more people to take this necessary task, the


government of US has focused on persuasion and encouraging people to utilize the resources


they have so as to benefit maximally. The public sector has been mandated to carry out this task.


To run a healthy committee requires the help of all concerned functions in order to be


able to achieve success. It is important to understand the role of the financial section. One of


these committees is the audit committee. This committee is tasked with audit issues within the


health sector. It centralizes the audit function and this helps in creating greater accountability for


boards. It is the audit committee that looks at the issues on compliance, hiring and meeting with


an outside auditor, addressing financial related irregularities and lack of evidence of higher


financial success may at most times be associated with having inadequate audit committees. The


other one is the policy making committee. Policy making is a function of the board [Joh93]. This


body helps in effective execution of policy which is necessary to be able to fulfil other roles. The


policies in an organization define focus and at the same time differentiate responsibilities among HEALTHCARE IN AMERICA5


the management, board, and the medical staff. When there are well written policies there is


efficient board functioning.


This focuses the organizational factors which contribute to limited program evaluation. It


is viewed that the funding for preventive health program can be very costly due to its


competitiveness. This usually poses negative results on the evaluation as well as the health


programs. Project funding models can be detrimental to the sustainability of research oriented


projects for evaluation. Some other types of evaluation like the managerial evaluations can be


used appropriately since their design allow them to focus on auditing requirements.


The future of the public health is deemed to be fit and easily accessible as explored by


this article. There is need to review the health sector through constant evaluation of the parts so


that there is consistency in various departments in the health sector. Constant evaluation will not


only ensure rapid growth but also provide recommendations for future growth. If the


recommendations provided by various researchers were to be put in place, then the public health


sector of the 21st century would be a better one. The article also explores the need to invest in


worthwhile research which will ensure rapid changes especially in the sluggish sectors of the


health system.


The typical reviews of financial performance management initiatives, physician


partnership and market position. Rating analysts are, however, cautious so as not to recommend


any specific debit mix or structures since their role in the market is not aimed at providing


guidance to borrowers. Capital remains accessible for health systems at most rating levels.


Determining the level of risk to which a firm or organization should be exposed in its capital




Krueger, A. B., & Kuziemko, I. (2011). The demand for health insurance among uninsured


Americans : results of a survey experiment and implications for policy. Cambridge:


National Bureau of Economic Research.


There are many policies formulated by the government which tend to disadvantage the


vulnerable and this makes the government responsible for this menace [Joh124]. Under the


banner of ?No American Left Behind,? all Americans will be on the road to insurance. This will


be achieved by imposition of subsidized amounts for those who are economically weaker.


Despite the insurance rate having risen for the past few years, the remaining number of uninsured


Americans needs to be looked into. Insured citizens not only communicate of the ability of a


nation to be able to cater for its citizens but also communicates of the ability of a nation to be


able to satisfy itself economically [Ala11]. Other than this, the paper will also be seeking to look


at the way in which various American leaders have looked at this issue. My policy would


therefore be aimed towards making sure that every American gets insured. Promotions by


celebrities will catalyze this policy.


This article focuses on various issues that should be focused on during the evaluation and


running of a health program. It explores how this program can be used. Its intention is that the


model should not be used as a wholesale without a critical examination but should be adopted as


guide putting into consideration the prevailing circumstances. These programs are supposed to be


made in light of the current health situation so that they do not be in vain. Proper assessment is


therefore necessary as to where the programs will be used. Proper and realistic communication of


the limitations associated with this program is important in setting realistic political and public


expectations for achievement. HEALTHCARE IN AMERICA7


The author of this book recognizes the role played by professionals, policy-makers and


the general public in the quest for providing better health and care to those who are in need of it.


Important determinants of health which the public is realizing its awareness in is in the economic


and social factors. This book is keen to show how the health promotion approach has been used


to offer a comprehensive framework that is used for planning as well as implementing


interventions that can thoroughly address the health-related problems prevalent today.


Several attempts that have been done by various bodies to address the issue of uninsured


and reinsured in America have brought about some impacts. For example, the current federal


policies have moved with speed to increase attained cost sharing through the establishment of


(HSAS) health savings accounts that are tax protected [Dav111]. The only people who can access


these policies are those who have minimum deductibles of $ 1,000 for every person.


Miller, D. A. (2013). The uninsured. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.


Despite America being a superpower and an economically vast nation, it worries that a


majority of its citizen are not insured. This has been linked to the standard rate of insurance


where the rich and the poor are expected to pay a similar amount of money. As at the current


standings, more than 29 million people stand uninsured in America [Deb131]. It is estimated that


the uninsured rate in US is at around 11.0 %.


The number of people that lack medical insurance coverage is a major concern in the


United States major medical care reforms. The people who are termed uninsured are those that


have no medical insurance irrespective of other insured objects that are not related to health. The


number of non-elderly uninsured population is increasingly multiplying day by day. This has


remains an issue of political dispute over and over again. The rise in the cost of insurance has HEALTHCARE IN AMERICA8


turned to a state where few employers offer medical insurance and the majority of the uninsured


people are the working poor or the unemployed. On the other hand, some of these people are


healthy and have chosen not to be insured.


The history of medical insurance and the various ways to persuade people to get insured


has a long history. It has indeed evolved over time. The US made an attempt to make medical


insurance a must in 1917 when a proposal to offer medical cover for employees who earned less


than $ 100 per month. This was, however, not implemented as it got defeated in the congress.


The payment of this insurance premium was a responsibility of the government, workers and the




America is the only main industrial country in the world that has not offered essential


medical insurance for its population. Despite being a superpower, the issue of health insurance


has not played well with it. It is also the only wealth nation that has concern with the private


health care market. HEALTHCARE IN AMERICA9




Cain, J. (2012). A Profile of uninsured Americans. New York: National government publication.


Krueger, A. B., & Kuziemko, I. (2011). The demand for health insurance among uninsured


Americans : results of a survey experiment and implications for policy. Cambridge:


National Bureau of Economic Research.


Long, M. J. (2011). Health and healthcare in the United States. Chicago: Health Administration




Miller, D. A. (2013). The uninsured. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.


Pius, B. (2012). Health and healthcare in the United States : county and metro area data.


Lanham: Bernan Press.


Thomas, R. K., & Bruce, R. G. (2014). Health and healthcare in the United States : county and


metro area data. Lanham: Bernan Press.


Walker, J. (1993). VA healthcare in the central region, 1993. Chicago: Dept. of Veterans Affairs.


Wise, D. A., & Yashiro, N. (2011). Health care issues in the United States and Japan. Chicago:


University of Chicago Press.


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