*********Responsible Sexual Health Promotion*********
The final section of the paper will be an evaluation plan which will allow a comprehensive review of the outcomes of your project. Please see attached paper for guidance. 2 pages, APA format
Describe a single health promotion/disease prevention problem.
Describe the target population and setting.
Describe how the selected problem applies to advanced practice in the student's role option.
Provide an appropriate health promotion/disease prevention theoretical or conceptual framework.
Provide a review of literature related to interventions that address the problem.
Develop a research-based intervention to address the problem in the selected population/setting.
Description of intended outcomes.
Description of the evaluation plan to measure efficacy of the proposed intervention.
Use good writing skills, appropriate grammar, and application of APA formatting throughout paper, citations, and references.
Running head: HEALTH PROMOTION 1 Responsible Sexual Health Promotion Responsible Sexual Health Promotion HEALTH PROMOTION 2 The main goal of health promotion is to guide health behavior among people and
communities positively. One of the Healthy People 2020 Ten Leading Health Indicators for the
Nation and health priorities is promoting responsible sexual behavior. It also impacts the health
status of of all people including families as well as the nation. Health promotion is a preventative
measure for all persons to enhance his or her quality of life, especially those are most vulnerable
in the society. There are undesirable consequences when involved in sexual behavior, like
sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection, unwanted pregnancies, abortions, sexual
dysfunction, and violence. Nonetheless, health promotion can quickly reduce unwanted
transmitted diseases, financial concerns, family arguments. It decreases the cost that families,
employers, individuals and insurance companies can spend on medical treatment as well
Young adults have been affected by sexually transmitted diseases and HIV contractions
which have increased dramatically. Sex and illness education programs decrease sexual activity
and increase condom or contraceptive use. Also, school?based clinics and school condom
availability programs do not increase sexual activity like some parents may think and especially
increases condom or contraceptive use. The plan is to focus on changing beliefs as well as
focusing on refining decisions about sexual behavior among young adults. Also, proper
communication among parents and their children as well as health care providers can advocate
healthy sexual behaviors between young adults. When young adults feel connected to one?s
family, and school one can be involved in activities decreased health risks. Besides, when parents
affirm the value of communicating with their children, this can develop positively as well as
promote healthy attitudes. It becomes hard for parents to discuss topics about abstinence and HEALTH PROMOTION 3 contraception. Therefore, more education to parents and counseling programs should be available
to improve communication between parents and children (Faulkner, 2015).
Promoting health and guidance to parents and their children with communication
techniques as well as a base to begin to talk about sex that most parents are afraid to talk to their
children, this good communication can promote healthy sexual behavior. It is up to the school,
medical professionals, families and all community to encourage our adolescents to get involved
in community activities; therefore, allowing young adults to interact with others and allow those
to learn how to make decisions that will not affect them in some sort of way. Consequently, the
lack of communication can as well affect the behavior and attitudes among young adults. For
instance, young adults lack of communication in one?s home is more likely to have a lower selfesteem, drug use, school problems and sexual risk behaviors (Garofalo, 2014). Studies reveal
that there is very broad support for comprehensive sex and HIV education programs, most youth
groups receive some amount of sex or HIV education. Although, important topics are not
covered in many schools.
Community-based programs can be engaged in the plan of promoting healthy sexual
behavior among young adults. It is also important to examine the structure and culture of the
organization that already provide this education and enforce any barrier that prevents the
organization from promoting healthy sexual behavior to adults. Active young adult involvement
can be essential to developing a thorough plan as well as deliver sexual health education (Park,
2016). As Nurse Practitioners it is vital always to educate families as much as possible, one
sexual encounter can change a families? life; therefore, this is something that needs to be
discussed with parents. HEALTH PROMOTION 4 Adolescents should be involved in the planning process and involving other young adults
to unite; therefore, reducing the incidence of improper sexual behavior. For example, community
health fairs, youth mentorships, and HIV prevention programs. When young adults participate in
projects or tasks eventually one can obtain his or her opinion and change one?s perspective on
these important subjects. Therefore, involving young adults in decision making can be critical
and can prepare them to make appropriate decisions when involved in sexual encounters (Park,
2016). One right decision can change a person?s life forever if people are prepared and educated
it can decrease the risk of going through a difficult time.
Lastly, there are community services that can allow individuals to participate in activities
such as music and exercise programs that can help adults come together and promote healthy
activities. Some include behavior management centers, counseling, youth resource centers, and
health departments. Although it is difficult to live with diseases, there is community resources
that can help manage, prevent and intervene for all individuals (Park, 2016).
In 2012, Ine Vanwesenbeeck wrote an article called "Sex Research" which examined the
differences in the sexual health gay, lesbian, heterosexual individuals. The study was to
determine the possible causes of disparities among each sexual preference and also acknowledge
that some groups could face serious health issues more than others. Approximately 1500 citizens
were invited to complete a survey on one's sexual health. To make sure that a significant amount
of lesbian, bisexual, and gay persons participated, ads were incorporated in magazines and
websites to draw attention and dived each group. Participants were divided into designated
groups depending on what each has answered and based on his or her attraction
(Vanwesenbeeck, 2012). HEALTH PROMOTION 5 The results showed that bi-sexual males/females were in need of sexual health care;
nonetheless, the number of sexual partners increased significantly. This number of sexual
partners was concluded to be the leading indicator for sexual victimization. However, sexual
dysfunction was noticed in these groups. There was also an increase of emotional stress in these
groups do to the pressure that society puts on people with different sexual orientation. People
hide one's sexuality due to the thought of being rejected by families, society and one's
community (Loren, 2012). Unfortunately, the more sexual partners that the group had, there was
less responsible sexual behavior, causing an increase in pregnancies, sexual transmitted diseases
and health issues.
Doctor Olson is a Psychiatrist who brings a unique perspective concerning sexual
minorities? health problem. Dr. Olson himself is a gay male who was hiding his sexual
preference. The stress placed on him by society, and the stereotyping makes it difficult for
individuals with a different perspective accept reality. Dr. Olson quotes, ?Human sexuality is a
part of your total personality? it is a crucial part of one's overall health (Olson, 2013). Therefore,
it is vital that studies are conducted to look into hidden issues and discover methods to resolve
them. Allowing people to accept reality; therefore, allowing them to live a healthier sexual life.
Nonetheless, acceptance helps relieve stress and make people feel wanted and loved.
Responsible sexual behavior plays a major role in everyone?s life; these articles support
the fact that if there is a stereotype towards those who have different sexual preferences which
make it harder for those to act openly and responsible when it comes to sexual behavior. There
are multiple theories that support sexual health promotion which is, the motivation theory that is
a complex model that includes components about perceptions, vulnerability, pleasure and social HEALTH PROMOTION 6 approval. Social cognition theory emphasizes motivation and action. These theories have evolved
and helped empower others and helping individuals improve one?s sexual health (Loren, 2012).
The literature reviews have shown a focus on sexual preferences and the stress that brings
to people with different sexual views. The barriers can be overcome by providing health
education about sexual healthcare to the community. Studies show that learning about human
sexuality and taking a sexual health class increases comfort and with addressing sexual health.
Sex education is offered in many schools, but it should also happen at home. Education can ve
covered in a health class, but when it comes to making a tough choice about sex, it can be tough
to be influenced by a class that he or she might have taken. When parents are involved in an
adolescent life, it helps adolescents think twice before acting irresponsibly in a situation. Some
factors that may steer a teenager to early sexual behavior could be peer pressure, curiosity, and
loneliness, to name a few. Once parents remind his or her child that you expect him or her to take
sex and associated responsibilities seriously (Loren, 2012). HEALTH PROMOTION 7 References
Faulkner, A. H. (2015). Sexual behavior, Massachusetts high school students. American Journal
of Public Health, 88(2), 262-266.
Garofalo, R. C.(2014). The association between health risk behaviors and sexual orientation
among a school-based adolescent. Pediatrics, 101(5), 895-902.
Park, M. J. (2016). The health status of young adults in the United States. Journal of Adolescent
Health, 39(3), 305-317.
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