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Running head: GUAM: LAND OF THE CHAMORROS Guam: Land of the Chamorros
SFC Ryan Manuel
Air Defense Artillery Senior Leader Course 1 GUAM: LAND OF THE CHAMORROS 2 Abstract
Keywords: dfadsfs Running head: GUAM: LAND OF THE CHAMORROS 3 Guam: Land of the Chamorros
Guam is a self-governing and unincorporated territory of the United States. It lies in the
middle of the Pacific Ocean and it is the largest and most populous of the Marianas chain of
islands (Guampedia, 2015).
The island of Guam has a land mass of 212 square miles and its shaped like a footprint.
The formation of the island was a result of two volcanoes that merged. It has two distinct
geological compositions where two-thirds of the island is raised limestone on the northern
plateau while the south is consisted of raised volcanic formations at Mount Santa Rosa and
Mount Mataguak. Mount Lamlam is known to be the highest point with an elevation of 1,334
feet (Geography of Guam, n.d.).
The natives of Guam, who are basically of Malayo-Indonesian origin, are known as
Chamorro. The Chamorros comprise 37 percent of the total population of Guam (Guam Visitors
Bureau, 2016). Nearly one-third of the population are Filipinos while a small percentage of the
population are of European lineage (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016).
Guam has a complex cultural history and Encyclopedia Britannica (2016) provides a brief
account of the people that settled in Guam. Indonesian-Filipino people settled in the island
during the 2nd millennium BCE. Spain claimed the island in 1565 and it remained under Spain
until 1898 during the Spanish-American war. The Spaniards surrendered Guam to the United
States, except during the Second World War when the Japanese occupied the island, the United
States president appointed a naval officer as governor of Guam until 1950.
The post war restoration of Guam made it a center for commercial and economic with the
United States expanding its military interest in the island. Guam has a diverse population made GUAM: LAND OF THE CHAMORROS 4 possible by the establishment of a local, civilian government where people from all over the
world found it easy to pursue careers and various economic activities in the island and even settle
with their families due to lesser military restrictions in entering the island (Guam Visitors
Economy: position in global market;
Although Guamanians are US citizens, they cannot vote in US Presidential Elections.
Guam is governed by the US under the 1950 Organic Act of Guam. The President of the United
States is the head of state and a governor, who was presidentially appointed up until 1964
(Guampedia, 2015) is elected by popular vote for a four-year term heads their local government.
Because Guam is not a State, it has no senators or representatives in Congress, although they
send delegates to the House of Representatives with no voting privileges. The delegates have
minimal role in Congress thus the citizens of Guam has no representation.
(https://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/GU) Guam decolonization
As an incorporated territory, the United States has the sole responsibility for Guam?s
defense. The US military has two strategic bases located in Guam - Naval Base Guam and
Andersen Air Force Base. With the US strategic shift to the Pacific and East Asia, the military
bases are now more valuable because of its close proximity to North Korea and potential hot
spots in Asia such as the South China Sea. 5 GUAM: LAND OF THE CHAMORROS References
Encyclopedia Britanica (2016) https://www.britannica.com/place/Guam
Guampedia (28 December 2015). http://www.guampedia.com/about-guam/ Geography of Guam (n.d.) http://ns.gov.gu/geography.html
Guam Visitors Bureau (2016) http://www.visitguam.com/chamorro-culture/culturalpresentations/
Washington Post (2016) https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/some-in-guampush-for-independence-from-us-as-marines-prepare-for-buildup/2016/06/16/e6152bd2-324b11e6-ab9d-1da2b0f24f93_story.html
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