Attached is my assignment that i submitted my professor message me with the following: This paper lacks required in-text citations. In addition, several pieces of information are direct copies from websites. I really need help. Below is the assignment description:
The purpose of this assignment is for you to summarize modern family planning options that are available.
- Using the internet, search for images, articles, commercials, blogs, etc. related to contraception. Be sure you include information a minimum of 5 kinds of contraception. Include at least 2 citations to reference your research, documented using APA formatting.
Running head: FAMILY PLANNING OPTIONS Family Planning Options
Institution 1 FAMILY PLANNING OPTIONS
There are several kinds of family planning methods i.e. contraception
Male condoms are form of contraception for men. Apart from protection against
pregnancy it also protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The advantage od male
condoms is they are easy to use and have no side effects. It is also easy to get since it easily
available over the counter shops. Condoms also prevent cancer of the cervix. Statistically abd
research has shown that 10 out of every 100 partners were infected that is where condoms were
not used correctly. Also worth noting is 2 out of 100 women became infected with HIV when
condoms were used. Generally it reduces the risk of STIs (World Health Organization, 2000). Female condoms
Female condoms is a form of contraception for women, it has flexible rings at each end
one end is closed and the other is open. The female condom is inserted deep into the vagina just
before vaginal intercourse. The ring at the closed end holds the pouch in the vagina and the ring
at the open end stays outside the vaginal opening during intercourse. Statistically and research 2 FAMILY PLANNING OPTIONS 3 shows that 21 out of 100 women will become pregnant each year if women always use the
female condom regularly and correctly. The advantage is they are cheap and be accessible.
Everyone also can use condom safely and is also safe be used during anal sex The intra uterine device (IUD)
An IUD is a small device that fits inside your womb. There are two types of IUDs: Copper IUD - contains copper and Hormone-releasing
IUDs - the progestogen hormone is slowly released into your womb. The main way an IUD
works is by preventing fertilization of the egg. The copper or the hormone from the IUD stops
the sperm moving through the womb towards the egg. Occasionally an egg is fertilized. The IUD
then stops the egg settling (implanting) into the womb.
The diaphragm FAMILY PLANNING OPTIONS 4 It is a form of contraception for women.. A diaphragm fits inside the vagina and is used
each time you have sex. It covers your cervix (entrance to the uterus) and stops sperm from
getting through to join an egg. Diaphragms are circular domes made of silicone. They are kept in shape by a bendy
frame which is covered in silicone. Your pelvic muscles hold the diaphragm in place.
Diaphragms should always be used with spermicide. This is jelly that kills sperm. Before you
have sex, put spermicide onto the diaphragm. Then put it into your vagina so it covers your
cervix. It should be kept it in place while you have sex and for at least six hours afterwards. Then
remove it, wash and dry it and put it away until next time you want to use it. Tubal ligation It is permanent contraception or sterilization for women. This page explains how this
method works and how to get one. Permanent contraception is called sterilization. FAMILY PLANNING OPTIONS 5 A tubal ligation is a procedure to cut or clip a woman's fallopian tubes. When a woman is
sterilized, the operation is called a tubal ligation. It is a procedure to close both fallopian tubes
which means that sperm can?t get to an egg to fertilize it.
The tubes are closed using rings or clips or by cutting and tying. It is usually done by
putting a tiny telescope called a laparoscope in through a small cut near the belly button and
closing the tubes through another small cut near the pubic hair. If a laparoscope can?t be used
then a longer cut is made near the pubic hair. Tubal ligations are done in hospital and the woman
has a general anesthetics. Depending on the type of operation she may go home the same day or
stay one to two days in hospital (Freedman, 1959). The Emergency Contraceptive Pill (ECP) It is a form of contraception that women can use after unprotected sex. The ECP is taken
after unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy. It stops or delays the release of an egg from your
ovaries until the guy?s sperm aren?t active in your body any more. It prevents the sperm from
fertilizing an egg by changing the way the sperm moves in your body. It doesn?t work once the
egg has been fertilized. It doesn?t harm you or a developing embryo. FAMILY PLANNING OPTIONS 6 The Emergency Contraceptive Pill is approved to be taken up to 72 hours after sex (three
days). However for most women it is still effective up to four days after sex. FAMILY PLANNING OPTIONS 7
Reference Freedman, R. (1959). Family planning, sterility and population growth. MacGraw-Hill.
World Health Organization. (2000). Improving access to quality care in family planning: medical
eligibility criteria for contraceptive use.
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