Hi my class is ENT-435 Intraprenuership and Innovation module 6 I have to create a model and implement plan for idea which is truning waste into energy. I am confused and it is due this upcoming week.
Running Head: CLC ASSIGNMENT WEEK 3 1 CLC ASSIGNMENT WEEK 3 2
COGNITIVE SKILLS Children aging between three to four years are unable to critically think and have problem
solving problems. There are activities that aim at improving children?s cognitive skills. It acts as
a preparation for school life. It is because it helps develop and exercise the thinking skills in the
children (Farkas, 2003). The aim of cognitive improvement activities is not to give information
to the child but instead is to grow their cognitive skills. They help the children be able to pick out
connections between things and also make conclusions. One of the activities to be used to
improve cognitive skills is a numbering activity (Farkas, 2003). This activity involves
introducing the child to the world of numbers. It introduces the skills of counting, adding,
subtracting and dividing. The teacher or parent can have several blocks then write alphabets or
numbers on them. Thereafter, the parent can stimulate the child to count and arrange them
according to the way they follow each other. For instance, stacks with numbers 1 to 10 on them
and then the child is told to arrange them from the least to the largest and vice versa.
Children below five years are unable to illustrate competent social-emotional skills. There are
activities which help children improve their social-emotional skills. One of the activities to help
children develop social-emotional skills is the activity of giving explicit instructions either in
school or at home (Domitrovich, 2007). It includes showing children different picture cards of
several emotional expressions and then teaches the child the names of new emotions. Ask
questions like, ?What does this face mean?? Then the teacher or parent confirms and corrects the
child where possible. The teacher or parent can as well asks the children to point at the faces CLC ASSIGNMENT WEEK 3 3 which represent how they are feeling that day. This activity in the end helps children adopt the
best emotions to portray in certain situations and to show emotional competency. It as well helps
children be able to take part in social activities smoothly.
GROSS MOTOR SKILLS
Gross motor skills aim at developing skills which need muscles masses in the body. Children
below three years are always yet to acquire the definite gross motor skills. Therefore, there
always activities which help improve the gross motor skills of the children. General play is one
of the activities which can dramatically improve the gross motor skills of these children
(Wrotniak, 2006). General play may involve riding a tricycle or bicycle. Encouraging and
helping a child to ride a tricycle or a bicycle is a good way to improve gross motor skills because
it involves a large muscle mass in the body and balance is also called into action. This activity
helps the child develop motor coordination. When the child is riding the tricycle or bicycle, they
are coordinating hands, legs and balance.
FINE MOTOR SKILLS
Pre-schools find it hard in coordinating holding a pencil and writing at the same time. This is the
stage at which this skill can be taught and improved. There are many factors involved in this. It is
because the child needs to know how to hold the pencils in a good position for writing and as
well to hold it in that position for long spells without tiring. One of the activities to improve fine
motor skills in children is stacking beads on a string of inserting pipes into holes (Case-Smith,
2000). A child is given beads and a string and then encouraged to stack them in the string to
make a necklace. This activity needs hand and eye coordination. This is a fine motor skill which CLC ASSIGNMENT WEEK 3 4 is a goal of this activity. The fine muscles in the hand need to be in coordination with the eye for
the child to stack the beads. The muscles also need to be strong for such an activity. This activity
improves the fine motor skills of the child by helping to strengthen the hand muscles, practice
coordination and help the child develop hand to eye coordination (Case-Smith, 2000). CLC ASSIGNMENT WEEK 3 5 References
Case-Smith, J. (2000). Effects of occupational therapy services on fine motor and functional
performance in preschool children. American Journal of Occupational
Therapy, 54(4), 372-380.
Domitrovich, C. E., Cortes, R. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (2007). Improving young children?s social
and emotional competence: A randomized trial of the preschool ?PATHS?
curriculum. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 28(2), 67-91.
Farkas, G. (2003). Cognitive skills and noncognitive traits and behaviors in stratification
processes. Annual review of sociology, 541-562.
Wrotniak, B. H., et al., (2006). The relationship between motor proficiency and physical activity
in children. Pediatrics, 118(6), e1758-e1765.
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