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This is a continuation of the first and second assignments and uses your accumulated research. Im

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This is a continuation of the first and second assignments and uses your accumulated research. Imagine you are two different lobbyists, supporting two different sides of the policy issue you wrote about in Assignment 2.

Submit your Assignment 1 and 2 revisions based on your professor?s feedback. You will be graded on your revisions. Then, write a 4-5 page paper in which you:

  1. Write a one-page position in favor of the policy.
  2. Write a one-page position against the policy.
  3. Write a one-page response to the argument in favor of the policy.
  4. Write a one-page response to the argument against the policy.
  5. Use at least two (2) of the following arguments from Chapter 10 in your paper: normative, positive, anecdote, and evidence arguments. Clearly label these to receive credit.
  6. Include at least four (4) peer-reviewed references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook. Note: Appropriate peer-reviewed references include scholarly articles and governmental Websites. Wikipedia, other wikis, and any other Websites ending in anything other than ?.gov? do not qualify as peer-reviewed.

Running head: ASSIGNMENT 1: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE REVISION Assignment 1: Historical Perspective Revision


Bobby Rivera


Strayer University


Introduction to Public Policy Analysis


PAD 510


Dr. Rick Humphress


August 28, 2016 1 ASSIGNMENT 1: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE REVISION 2 Assignment 1: Historical Perspective Revision


In this assignment on Historical Perspective, students are required to pick one (1) similar


federal policy that was discussed over a span of two (2) different administrations. Addressing the


historical perspective of the time when the policy was considered or implemented. Indicate the


context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy. Analyze the social, economic,


and political environments for the times the policy was discussed or implemented. Finally,


critique the policy for its effectiveness of the time. For this assignment, we will be reviewing the


Domestic policies of Presidents Ronald Reagan and Barack Obama.


Historical perspective of the time when the policy was discussed or implemented


Analysis of Ronald Reagan's domestic policy finds that President Reagan came to the


White House during the election of 1980. Ronald Reagan would become the fortieth President of


the United States, defeating President Jimmy Carter. Currently, Republican holds a majority in


the House and Senate. Interestingly enough, Republicans had a similar majority in 1980, the first


time in twenty-five years Republicans were able to obtain a majority in both houses.


President Reagan's domestic policy for Governing sounds similar to that of the


Republicans national platform today; Bigger Government isn't the solution to today's problems


but the cause of our Nation's problems, and smaller Government is the key to a Capitalist


economy. Additionally, Reagan's national platforms included reducing taxes, increased state


rights, economic prosperity through private enterprise, increasing defense spending and


emphasizing relationships with proven allies. You can see the similar political platforms and


policy promises in today's presidential campaign, even the slogan "Make America Great Again"


was used by Ronald Reagan further driving his policy positions on the American People ASSIGNMENT 1: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE REVISION 3 (Associated Press 1980). According to the Gallup poll, he ended his presidency in 1989 with a


fifty-three percent job-approval rating (Rossinow, D. 2013)


In Contrast, President Obama was elected as the forty-third President based on a national


platform of increased Government and spending. President Obama?s main domestic policy


achievement would be the Affordable Care Act that mandated all Americans have health


insurance and provided subsidies for families that could not afford the mandate.


Analyze the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policy was


discussed or implemented


Social and economic environments play a part in policy making; specifically, in the


input-output policy making models. During President Reagan?s first term he was faced with a


weak economy that included high inflation and an unemployment rate of 7.5% (Domitrovic


2012). Similarly, President Obama met and an even higher unemployment rate of 7.8%.


Political factors during the Reagan administrations played a huge role in the creation of


a policy that would propel Reagan and similarly Obama, to the White House for two terms. The


political climate under Reagan was the rising challenge of the economy and foreign policy.


President Obama took office in 2008 when the economy was just entering the great depression,


and unemployment would rise to as high as 10% in 2010. Critique the policy for its effectiveness of the time


Currently, the net job growth for President Obama is around 800,000. Compared to


President Reagan's net job growth of five million; one can come to the conclusion the


Reaganomics have succeeded economically more than Obamanomics (Domitrovic 2012). ASSIGNMENT 1: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE REVISION 4 Reagan?s economic plan was not without criticism, one major concern during his


Presidemcy was Reagan?s tax policy. In August, 1981, Congress passed the Economic Recovery


Tax Act of 1981. This legislation reduced individual and corporate income taxes drastically,


reducing by $33 billion the amount of tax revenue coming into the government for fiscal 1982. It


represented the largest tax cut in American history. ASSIGNMENT 1: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE REVISION 5 References


Barber, D. J. (1985). The presidential character. (3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall .


Brirkland, T. A. (2011). An introduction to the policy process: theories, concepts, and models of


public policy making (3rd ed.). Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.


Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. (2014). Retrieved from


King, A. (1990). The New American political system. Washington, DC: American Enterprise


Institute .


Nelson, M. (2016). Barack Obama: Domestic Affairs. Retrieved from


O?toole, J. (2008). Obama vs. Clinton: Leadership Styles. BusinessWeek Online. p. 16.


Positions. (2016). Retrieved August 21, 2016, from


Short, J. L. (2012, 2012). The political turn in American administrative law: Power, rationality,


and reasons. Duke Law Journal, 61(8), 1811-1881.


The Great Recession. (2016). Retrieved from


Associated Press (Producer). (1980). RR8026B USA RONALD REAGAN CANDIDATE FOR


PRESIDENT [Streaming video]. Retrieved from Associated Press Video Collection




McClure, A. F. (2015). Ronald Reagan. Salem Press Biographical Encyclopedia,


ROSSINOW, D. (2013). The Legend of Reagan the Peacemaker. Raritan, 32(3), 56-76.


Domitrovic, B. (2012, October 09). When It Comes To Job Creation, Obama Doesn't Hold A


Candle To Reagan. Retrieved July 24, 2016, from ASSIGNMENT 1: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE REVISION 6




DOMESTIC POLICY. 18 Dec. 2012 <>.


Shuman, R. B. (2016). Reaganomics. Salem Press Encyclopedia,


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