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Assignment 1.2: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay ? Part II
Synthesizing and Writing
Due Week 4 and worth 100 points
When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view? This assignment asks you to engage in this aspect of critical thinking.
The assignment is divided into two (2) parts.
For Part I of the assignment (due Week 2), you read a book excerpt about critical thinking processes, reviewed the Procon.org Website in order to gather information, and engaged in prewriting to examine your thoughts.
* Remember that in the Week 2 Discussion, you examined the biases discussed in Chapter 2 of the webtext.
In Part II of the assignment (due Week 4), you will write a paper to synthesize your ideas.
Part II ? Writing
Write at three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:
1. State your position on the topic you selected for Assignment 1.1.
2. Identify (3) three premises (reasons) from the Procon.org website that support your position and explain why you selected these specific reasons.
3. Explain your answers to the ?believing? questions about the three (3) premises opposing your position from the Procon.org website.
4. Examine at least two (2) types of biases that you likely experienced as you evaluated the premises for and against your position.
5. Discuss the effects of your own enculturation or group identification that may have influenced your biases.
6. Discuss whether or not your thinking about the topic has changed after playing the ?Believing Game,? even if your position on the issue has stayed the same.
The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing:
- Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph.
- Address main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences.
- Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
- Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA Style format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
- Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student?s name, the professor?s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
You must follow these submission guidelines:
- Submit the essay to Turnitin.com and then submit the originality report and final essay with any needed revisions to Blackboard.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
- Identify the informal fallacies, assumptions, and biases involved in manipulative appeals and abuses of language.
- Create written work utilizing the concepts of critical thinking.
- Use technology and information resources to research issues in critical thinking skills and informal logic.
Click here to view the grading rubric..
Running head: Assignment 1.1 Conflicting Viewpoints ?Should All states legalize Marriages of the same sex??
July 18, 2016 Assignment 1.1 2 Introduction
Procon.org provides some of the controversial and conflicting topics that requires
argument or debates to establish the right courses of action required to address them. One of the
controversial topics suggested for debate by Procon.org is the legalization of same-sex marriages
depending on one?s sexual orientation. Sexual orientation refers to the persistent pattern of sexual
or passionate attraction to females, males or to the two genders equally. Sexual orientation also
relates to how an individual associates with other individuals of identical or opposite sexes and
fascinations. Most studies point out that sexual orientation has been widely understood as either
an exclusive attraction to individuals of opposite sex or exclusive attraction to people of identical
sex. This essay argues whether or not states should legalize marriage between people of identical
Pros Supporting the Topic
Argument 1: It is discriminatory to deny some people the right to marry
Denying people attracted to others of identical sexes the right to marry violates their
rights and results to the creation of a second class of nationals. In a July 25, 2014 court ruling,
Sarah Zabel termed the ban on gay marriage as unconstitutional and discriminative. She stated
the ban deprived the dignity of couples of identical sex as well as their families, deemed them
unworthy of contribution in social institutions and could easily result to creation of second-class
citizens. By giving them the right to marry, homosexual people will develop a feeling of selfefficacy and sense of belonging in society. Assignment 1.1 3 Argument 2: Couples with identical sexes will have Equal access to the benefits of
marriages as heterosexual couples.
Legalizing the marriage between people of identical sex will enable them access
the rights, protections and benefits such as hospital visitation in the event of illness, family health
insurance, rights if inheritance, bereavement leave and tax reduction through tax reduction.
Therefore, legalizing homosexual marriages will enable states to eliminate irregularities in their
laws and thus allow people attracted to identical sexes enjoy their lives as those in heterosexual
marriages. The law will therefore have protected the rights of all citizens? rights and ensured
equal access to good standards of living regardless of one?s sexual orientation.
Argument 3: Historical definition of marriage as being only between a man and woman
States should legalize same-sex marriages because form of marriage changes overtime.
Marriage was historically limited to one and one woman and the legal systems prohibited any
other form of marriage. However, polygamy marriage came into existence two centuries ago and
it was legally accepted as a social norm worldwide amid the many the oppositions both religious
and secular. Then came the acceptance interracial marriage in 1950s, which had all along been
banned and declared illegal. Consequently, states should legalize same-sex marriages because the
forms of marriage keep changing as the world modernizes.
Cons Refuting the Topic
Argument 1: Marriage has always been defined as an engagement between a man and a
woman Assignment 1.1 4 States should ban homosexual marriages because the restriction of marriage to people of
dissimilar sexes dates back to past millennia and not just centuries. All countries around the
world have historically recognized marriage as being only between a man and a woman.
Moreover, religious books, which were written centuries ago forbids other forms of marriages
and instead requires marriage to be a bodily and spiritual communion between a man and a
Argument 2: Same-sex marriage defiles nature as Same-sex cannot procreate
States should not legalize same-sex marriages because such marriages interferes with the
primary purpose of marriage of procreating and raising children. Although homosexual couples
may raise children through adoption, legalizing the marriages will increase cases of child
trafficking. The implication of states legalizing same-sex marriages is that marriage is only
meant for sexual pleasures, which is a great violation of nature. Nature defines procreation as the
major purpose of marriage to save and support future generations.
Argument 3: Same sex marriage leads to dysfunctional societies and families as children
need the love of their father and a mother during their upbringing.
Same-sex marriages should banned because the well-being and ethical upbringing of
children requires the intervention of both males and female parents. Research indicates that
children raised single mothers have earlier sexual activities and the girls suffer teenage
pregnancy. Similarly, children raised in the absence of their mothers lack emotional securities
and may have poor mental growth. Hence, children should not be raised by same-sex parents Assignment 1.1 5 because they will have abnormal sexual orientation and experience more challenges with normal
The decision whether or not to legalize same-sex marriage is a controversial issue and
requires scrutiny before taking any legal actions. Legalizing same-sex marriages grants
homosexuals the right to access various benefits enjoyed by their counterpart in heterosexual
marriages. When allowed to marry freely, same-sex partners will develop a feeling of selfefficacy a sense of belonging to the state laws. However, the move will violate religious
teachings and deteriorate the procreation process. Assignment 1.1 6 References
Donovan, James M; American Association of Law Libraries Standing Committee on Lesbian
and Gay Issues (2007), Sexual Orientation and the Law, William S. Hein & Co
Rosario, M., Schrimshaw, E., Hunter, J., & Braun, L. (2006, February), Sexual identity
development among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths: Consistency and change over
time. Journal of Sex Research, 43(1), 46?58.
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Oct 14, 2020EXPERT
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